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I’m Canadian, but my child was born outside Canada. Are they Canadian?


Status of changes to citizenship by descent

The Citizenship Act currently includes a first-generation limit to citizenship by descent. This limit generally means someone isn't automatically a Canadian citizen if

  • they were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent, and
  • their Canadian parent was also born outside Canada to a Canadian parent

In December 2023, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice declared that the first-generation limit for many individuals is unconstitutional.

An extension until August 9, 2024, has been granted by the Court. This means that the current rules still apply until further notice.

For more information, you can

Your child is likely a Canadian citizen if at least 1 parent (legal parent at birth [opens in a new tab] or biological parent)

  • was born in Canada, or
  • became a naturalized Canadian citizen before the child was born

To find out for sure, apply for a citizenship certificate for your child.

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